Yoga Philosophy

Yoga Philosophy

Yoga is an ancient artwork that goes way beyond the practice of asanas – postures. It is a philosophy that goes back again to the instances just before the religions existed much more than 2,000 several years ago. It is a philosophy that talks about union. It talks about union in between all human beings and also about union with a better power that alone connects us all.

What is Yoga?

Yoga is an ancient artwork that has the aim of bringing the practitioner again to the accurate self. The historical scriptures convey to us that the true self is the state of bliss. It is a state of interior pleasure. The sage Patanjali who wrote the ‘Yoga Sutra’ – an historical recorded text on yoga codifying the method to day – gave the definition of yoga as ‘Yoga chiti vriti nirodha’. This interprets from the primary Sanskrit into English to this means that yoga is the halting of the fluctuations of the psyche. Traditionally there have been two key paths of yoga — raja yoga and hatha yoga – and these each in the long run intention for manage over the thoughts. Asana observe – the observe of yoga postures – was produced in order to stabilise us for sitting for the duration of meditation. Yoga was created in the long run to deliver us into meditation and hence further states of recognition.

Dhyana

Now the future question occurs what is meditation or dhyana in Sanskrit? Meditation is the stilling of the head by the stilling of the physique.

Also pranayama – the respiration methods of yoga – goal to continue to the breath and that’s why however the brain.

Our meditational tactics in yoga support us to triumph over the ego. The ego is individuality. But in reality we are all connected and with yoga we realise this relationship. The definition of yoga is union. Via the apply of yoga just one realises the union concerning the you who you imagine you are, that is your person consciousness, and the you who you definitely are – that is you are a section of a supreme consciousness. In order to transcend concerning the particular person consciousness and the supreme consciousness just one desires to prevail over the ego. And in get to triumph over the ego we will need what the Upanishad texts explain as Vivek Chudamani. This is the crown jewel of the power of discrimination more than what is genuine and what is not. As a result we want to be in a position to see that genuinely there is no I but that we are all related.

We have to have to create what it usually means to arrive again to the true self – or what is self realisation. Self realisation is in essence figuring out yourself as peace and happiness. The moment you have built this accurate identification you will just radiate peace and pleasure.

The Chakras

1 way of searching at yoga is in conditions of the chakras (power points inside us). Now yoga aims for the top operating of all the chakras in just us. This lifts us from person consciousness to supreme consciousness.

The Vedas

Now the Vedas – the scriptures which converse about know-how – say that there are three problems in the thoughts. These are mala which is filth, waste, abnormal feelings and feelings. Then there is vikshep which is instability and then there is avaran which suggests go over. The presence of avaran signifies that it is really difficult for us to see the reality.

The ancient philosophy of India was named Sanathana Dharma which can be translated as which means the everlasting regulation. It observed anything in the universe as becoming related, as possessing a spiritual union – that is male, animals, nature, the complete universe. In Vedic occasions – the instances in which the Vedas have been prepared – the world was identified as Vasudevakudambakam which suggests just one world loved ones. When we consider the entire world as a person family members, we working experience true spirituality. The world at that time was noticed as staying beyond the dissimilarities introduced about by race, place or religion. Spirituality is about observing the unity in all points.

The Paths of Yoga

Moving on from this expertise, it is important for us to fully grasp that there are many different paths of yoga all of which direct us back to self realisation or inner pleasure.

Karma yoga is the yoga of action. It is about removing mala. There are two diverse kinds of action or karma. Sakam involves on the lookout for the fruit of one’s steps whilst nishkam is purer. It includes not on the lookout for the fruit’s of one’s steps but performing via a pure coronary heart and pure intellect with no thought for expectation. Dwelling a daily life of nishkam karma potential customers to a happier, far more properly balanced and tranquil daily life.

Bhakti yoga is the yoga of devotion. There exists conditional devotion, however unconditional devotion is what is essential to eliminate vikshep or instability.

Gyana yoga is the yoga of knowledge. It exists in order to eliminate avaran or include. Gyana yoga talks a large amount about the mother nature of consciousness. Now the nature of consciousness can be described as ‘sat chit anand’. ‘Sat’ is existence or fact. We are all immortal in the sense that we are all souls and the soul alone is immortal. This is our accurate mother nature. We are all in search of our real immortal selves – our souls. This is why we constantly goal to reside a extended everyday living – we are making an attempt to connect with our true selves – our immortal souls. ‘Chit’ is wisdom – hence we are all looking for wisdom, we are looking for the wisdom that inherently is inside of each and every one of us. ‘Anand’ is bliss. Happiness is that which we have all usually seemed for and in the deepest main of our beings we are all fundamentally happiness or bliss. On the basis of sat chit anand we are all seeking for self realisation or interior pleasure by way of information.

Raja yoga is the kingly path. Just as a king delivers law and order into his kingdom, the practitioner of raja yoga guidelines the kingdom inside – the kingdom of the senses, so alternatively than being ruled by the senses, the yogi is in a state of peace and has his/her senses under manage. The yogi brings regulation and buy in just.

Vedanta

Immediately after the Vedic interval of Indian philosophy, the Vedantic period commenced. Vedanta suggests the close of the Vedas – the time where by understanding ceases and self realisation begins.

Inside of the Vedantic tradition of philosophy, we study that there are five layers above the consciousness which stop us from pinpointing with who we are. We are all in fact so caught up in these 5 layers that we believe we are these 5 layers. These levels are known in Vedanta as the ‘panch kosha’. The word ‘panch’ suggests 5 and the word ‘kosha’ indicates envelopes or coverings about our consciousness. With the observe of yoga we move in the direction of the innermost layer.

The initially layer is termed the foods physique or the physical physique. This is recognised as the annamaya kosha. It is our actual physical body composed of the nutritients we have eaten – protein, minerals and so forth. Several moments we identify ourselves with the bodily body and do not glance over and above that. Even when we are only wanting at the physical entire body it is essential to realise that the foods we eat can make up our overall body and our mind. Hence by feeding on healthily and also by exercising we keep a wholesome and that’s why joyful bodily and psychological condition.

The next layer is recognised as the pranamaya kosha and this is the electrical power or etheric overall body. Prana can be known as breath, oxygen or very important electrical power and relates to the chi of Chinese philosophy. Oxygen is wanted for just about every mobile of our human body. Trees and crops launch oxygen therefore we experience alive when we are surrounded by and at one with nature.

The 3rd layer is acknowledged as the manomaya kosha or the psychological entire body. From this knowledge we can recognize that the thoughts and the system are linked. This is why we are bodily additional balanced when we preserve a good outlook. Laughter and happiness constantly develop great health.

The fourth layer is the gyanamaya kosha or intuitive entire body. This is exactly where we experience our sixth feeling. The responses to all of our queries are observed in fact in the fourth layer.

And to be in the awareness of the fifth layer is our top aim as yogis — this is the bliss entire body -or anandmaya kosha. We working experience this when we have transcended the ego absolutely and have grow to be informed of who we definitely are and our relationship with everything. Yoga is a journey that can take us from annamaya kosha to anandmaya kosha. Once we have arrived at anandmaya kosha we then stay in the bliss entire body.

It can be said that meditation is a apply that will allow us to go further than the intellect and senses to the further amounts to see who we really are.

Inside the methods of yoga, asanas perform on the food overall body, pranayama functions on the energy physique and dhyana or meditation performs on the mental entire body. Consequently the three procedures of yoga push us additional and further in the direction of the deepest kosha.

Turiya

A ‘turiya’ is a man or woman who has transcended the five koshas. The Turiya state is the transcendental self. It is not affected by something – neither likes nor dislikes. It is in a well balanced state. When we achieve this condition – when we are in the bliss human body – then we are over and above both equally pleasure and agony. We apply yoga in purchase to transfer away from getting the body, the head and the breath and just go to currently being the person on the within.

The Ashtanga

The raja yoga of Patanjali talks about managing the brain and therefore the breath and that’s why the entire body. It has 8 limbs hooked up to it – the asthanga. The phrase asht suggests eight and the term anga indicates limbs. The very first ways of the asthanga are yama and niyama. Yama are social guidelines and polices and niyama are personal principles and restrictions. Just these two limbs by itself are enough to give just one self realisation. The other paths of yoga also acquire one to self realisation. To talk about these even more, yama incorporates ahimsa (non violence), satya (truth of the matter and honesty, asteya (non thieving), bramacharya (functioning according to the supreme consciousness – which potential customers to acting in stability) and aparigraha (non accumulation or a sense of non possession).

Niyama contains sauch (cleanliness together with psychological cleanliness), santosh (contentment), tapa (austerity or self discipline), swadhyaya (self study) and Ishwar parnidhan (belief in the Supreme or seeing the Supreme in every thing).

The eight limbs of yoga, the asthanga, are as follows – yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharna, dhyan and samadhi.

Dharna is a single pointedness where 1 is so concentrated on the item of focus that all other feelings disappear.

Pratyahara is withdrawal from the senses. Ongoing exercise of asanas and pranayama delivers 1 to pratyahara. All the tactics of meditation are pratyahara.

Samadhi is oneness with the universe. The moment a single has crossed dhyan and attained Samadhi, the consciousness of ‘I’ disappears. There is only oneness with the focus of your meditation, and ultimately with the universe. At Samadhi the moi disappears and there is a realisation that we are all related.

Inside of Samadhi there is savikalpa samadhi wherever some seeds of ‘I’ are still left and there is nirvikalpa samadhi in which no seeds are remaining. In yoga the intention is to transfer towards nirvikalpa samadhi.

Kewalya

According to Patanjali the ultimate goal of yoga is in the direction of kewalya the place there is no return from samadhi. This is the point out of oneness with the universe in which there is no perception of self, no sense of ‘I’, no ego and no consciousness of it to return to. It is just a state in which we realise how we are all related and it is a point out of bliss since it is where by we have get over all the attachments of the pleasures and pains that attachment to this content globe brings. It is wherever we link with the supreme self and knowledge our purely natural point out of bliss. It is at this place the place we have realised our correct self through the follow of yoga.

Yoga goes over and above the mere observe of asanas, outside of even meditation and pranayama and in truth brings us nearer to our authentic state of self realisation.

Shanti

Yoga teaches us to go further in ourselves and in this deeper awareness there is a fantastic sense of shanti or peace we can all draw from. In the long run as superior yoga learners it is this sense of peace inside of which we are all browsing for.

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