If New York Town Mayor Jimmy Walker had not been so likable, he would absolutely have been branded a scoundrel.
Jimmy Walker was born in New York City’s Greenwich Village on June 19, 1881, the son of an Irish immigrant, who later grew to become political shaker and mover in Tammany Corridor. Walker attended Xavier Higher College, which is a military services faculty in Manhattan, and later New York Law University.
Having said that, Walker’s first love was songs. Walker fell in with the Village’s bohemian crowd, and in its place of practising legislation, he turned to songwriting. Two of the tracks Walker wrote had been: “You can find New music In The Rustle Of A Skirt” and “Will You Appreciate Me in December As You Do in May?” The later track built Walker a right away sensation in Tin Pan Alley, with it truly is melodious chorus:
Will you like me in December as do in May perhaps,
Will you appreciate in the very good old fashioned way?
When my hair has all turned grey,
Will you kiss me then, and say,
That you like me in December as do in Could?
In 1910, due to his father’s prodding, and with the affect of his mentor, Tammany Hall titan Al Smith (later on Governor Smith), Walker ran, and was elected to the New York Point out Assembly, wherever he served until eventually 1914. Savoring the flavor of political electricity, the now-bold Walker was then elected to the New York State Senate from 1914 to 1925. Walker was so well-known in the Senate, he was elected President pro tempore of the New York Point out Senate from 1923 to 1924.
During his time period in the Senate, Walker was normally smartly dressed and was imbued with a radiant, out-likely mindset. Walker was viewed as a bon vivant, who put in more time bending his elbow in speakeasies, than he did basically serving his constituents in the Senate.
American journalist Robert Caro the moment described Senator Walker as: “Pinch-waisted, 1-button fit, slenderest of cravats, a shirt from a selection of hundreds, pearl-gray spats buttoned around silk-hosed ankles, toes of the toothpick sneakers peeking out from the spats polished to a gleam. Pixie smile, the ‘vivacity of a song and dance male,’ a appeal that produced him arrive n the Senate Chamber like a glad breeze’ The Prince Charming of Politics…..slicing through the ponderous arguments of the ponderous adult men who sat all over him with a wit that flashed like a rapier. Beau James.”
In 1925, Al Smith, now Governor of New York, assumed Walker would be the ideal mayor for New York Metropolis, a town now basking in the glow of the naughtiness of the Roaring 20’s. With Smith’s backing and again home maneuvering, Walker moved to unseat the current mayor John Harlan, who was thought of pretty competent, if not a bit stodgy. Smith’s largest roadblock was that Walker was identified more as a celebration animal than he was as a wily politician. But “Beau James,” as he was now identified as in the press, promised Smith he would mend his wayward ways, if he was elected to the leading location in town.
Harlan was a Democrat, and so was Walker, so Smith had to contact in some of his outstanding chits in purchase for Walker to get the Democratic nomination. That mission achieved, Walker’s following impediment was Republican-Fusion candidate Frank Waterman in the Mayoral election. Waterman fundamentally known as Walker a crook, and said that if Walker had been elected mayor, the New York Town Subway process would be immersed in corruption, simply because of Walker’s crooked ties in Tammany Corridor. Walker laughed off Waterman’s remarks and explained he was managing as the “People’s Mayor,” because he loved to do the exact same issues the standard community favored to do: gambling, and ingesting unlawful hootch throughout Prohibition.
For the duration of his campaign, Walker boasted, “I like the company of my fellow human beings. I like the theater and am devoted to healthier outdoor sports activities. Since I like these points, I have reflected my frame of mind in some of my legislation I have sponsored — 2.75 p.c beer, Sunday baseball, Sunday videos, and legalized boxing. But enable me allay any concern there could be that, mainly because I believe that in own liberty, healthful amusement and healthful professional activity, I will not countenance for a moment any indecency or vice in New York.”
In a blur, Walker partied his way while his initially four years as Mayor. The community was so in like with the new Mayor, it rarely caused a ripple when he still left his wife Janet for showgirl Betty Compton, who was 23 many years Walker’s junior. In 1928, Walker’s shenanigans dropped him the favor of Al Smith, so Walker, the interesting cat that he was, cozied up to the new Governor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been elected Governor when Smith stepped down to operate for the Presidency from Republican Herbert Hoover. Right after losing to Hoover, Smith’s energy at Tammany Corridor was enormously diminished. Roosevelt was the new Democratic ability in New York Point out, and the wily Walker took gain of that simple fact.
That’s not to say Walker attained practically nothing in his initial phrase as Mayor. Walker did consolidate the New York City hospital system, bought thousands of acres for park land (which includes Good Kills in Staten Island), and expanded the municipal bus program. The actuality that a couple of his pals were being granted an exceptional franchise to personal the metropolis buses induced not a ripple in Walker’s recognition. In actuality, no one said a term that Walker became generally a part-time Mayor. “Beau James” was barely ever in Town Corridor attending to business, and was rather both at the racetrack, the fights, or carousing in a single of the city’s 32,000 speakeasies. Even though making the most of the nightlife, Walker imbibed his share of unlawful beverages. Walker’s favored cocktail was a “Black Velvet,” which is champagne poured in excess of the top of a hefty serving of Guinness stout.
In 1929, Walker was challenged by the fiery reformer Fiorello La Guardia. Through 1 heated discussion, LaGuardia was incensed that Walker had raised his possess salary from $25,00 a 12 months to $40,000 a yr. Walked quipped again, “Hell, that is low-priced. Envision what I would be worth if I worked full time.”
Walker chided La Guardia’s name as a “reformer,” expressing, “Reformers are fellas who trip by means of a sewer in a glass base boat.” That means a savvy politician realized nicely more than enough to seem the other way when it was politically expedient to do so.
Walker didn’t know it at the time, but the beginning of his undoing was the stock current market crash of 1929. It was alright to act carefree and gay when the metropolis was taking pleasure in economic expansion, but when individuals had been out of work, and some even starving, Walker’s devil-may-care frame of mind began to use skinny.
Walker faced his to start with actual humiliation, when in July of 1930, he and his gal-pal Compton were being current when the law enforcement raided a gambling property in Montauk, Very long Island. Though people were being becoming lined up against the wall and handcuffed, Walker informed the police one thing like, “Hey, I’m the Mayor of New York Metropolis! You won’t be able to arrest the Mayor of New York City!”
The police agreed, and they enable Walker go. But currently being “The girlfriend of the Mayor of New York City” experienced no this sort of pull. So the cops cuffed Compton, and led her to the community slammer. It took Walker a few hrs to attain the right individuals, so that Compton could be released.
Nonetheless, considering that the uncomfortable incident was described in the push, it still left a big scar on Walker’s track record, simply because it was evident, whilst people today ended up starving and were being out of perform, and in some cases denied foods and shelter, “Beau James” was acquiring a grand outdated time for himself. And enable the city of New York be damned.
Factors commenced to convert bleak for Walker, when the Archbishop of New York, Cardinal Hayes, started off taking pot photographs at the Mayor. Hayes claimed that the decadence of New York Metropolis, which led to the inventory marketplace crash of 1929, was largely the fault of Mayor Walker, whose shady antics set a negative example for the relaxation of the town. Cardinal Hayes even accused Walker of hunting the other way when girlie publications had been marketed by the hundreds on 42nd Avenue. Walker foolishly took on Cardinal Hayes when he fired back again, “I never knew a female who was damage by a magazine.”
Cardinal Hayes retained up his assaults on Walker, and shortly the Cardinal’s rants achieved the office environment of Roosevelt, who was readying himself to run for President of the United States. As a consequence, Roosevelt was not as well content with Mayor Walker, and was looking for a way to rid himself of Walker’s political embarrassments.
Walker experienced a single foot in his political grave, and a different foot on a banana peal, when he was summoned prior to the Seabury Committee, chaired by Justice Samuel Seabury, a cantankerous person obviously disgusted by Mayor Walker’s excesses. The Seabury Committee was shaped to look into police and political corruption in New York Town.
On May perhaps 25, 1932, Walker, dressed like he was heading out speakeasy-hopping, mounted the techniques of the county courthouse in Reduce Manhattan. A throng of nicely wishers clapped at his arrival, yelling, “Atta boy, Jimmy! You convey to ’em Jimmy! Very good luck boyo!”
Walker flashed his million-greenback smile, and raised his clasped hands about his head, like a skilled boxer right after winning a combat. Then he entered the lion’s den and arrived face to confront with Justice Seabury.
Appropriate off the bat, there was horrible tension amongst the two gentlemen, who couldn’t be a lot more diverse in character and in demeanor. Over a two-working day period of time, Seabury spat his queries at Walker, and Walker fired back again with the utmost contempt. At one particular place Walker yelled at Seabury, “You and Franklin Roosevelt are not heading to hoist you to the Presidency more than my lifeless system.”
Though Seabury hammered challenging queries at Walker, it turned evident that “Beau James” experienced insulated himself from direct connection to any political skulduggery. Even so, it was remarkably embarrassing to Walker, when it was found that there experienced been money payments manufactured to his girlfriend Betty Compton, after some related enterprises were being awarded worthwhile contracts from the powers-that-be in New York Town which included Walker,
In addition, Walker’s brother Dr. William H. Walker, who experienced a monopoly on Worker’s Payment claims, seemed to have banked over $500,000 in a 4-12 months interval. Seabury uncovered proof that William Walker experienced in fact padded many of the Workman’s Comp statements, and had secreted the big difference into his have coffers.
Even nevertheless Seabury could not pin one particular illegal act on Mayor Walker himself, it was evident that Walker had been blasted with political blows he could in no way recuperate from. As a result of the Seabury investigation, Seabury penned a recommendation to Governor Roosevelt which explained that Walker must be taken out from business office for “gross improprieties and other situations of political malfeasance.”
Governor Roosevelt was just months away from the Presidential elections. And since Walker continue to experienced legions of supporters in New York Town, Roosevelt was not guaranteed what was the finest way to handle the Walker predicament, Walker took Roosevelt off the hook, when on September 1, 1932 he declared his resignation from the business of the Mayor of New York Town.
Within just times, Walker hopped on a cruise ship to Europe, accompanied by his showgirl girlfriend Betty Compton. In 1933, Walker divorced his spouse and married Compton. For three decades, Walker used his self-imposed exile in London with Compton When he returned to New York City, La Guardia was the Mayor, and Walker was out of politics for superior.
Shunned by the political arena, Walker returned to his first really like – the audio field — and he became head of Majestic Data, a massive-band record label that incorporated these types of popular musicians like Louie Prima and Bud Freeman. In 1946, two many years soon after he assumed command of Majestic Documents, Walker died of a brain hemorrhage and the age of sixty-5. Walker was buried in the Gates of Heaven Cemetery in Hawthorne, New York.
In 1957, comic and tune-and-dance-guy Bob Hope starred in a movie primarily based on Walker’s daily life called “Beau James.” The film was centered on a biography of Walker, also titled “Beau James,” created by Gene Fowler. This reserve was also utilised as the foundation for “Jimmy,” a Broadway perform about Walker, that ran from Oct 1969 to January 1970. In “Jimmy,” Frank Gorshin played Walker and Anita Gillette played Betty Compton.
In the 1959 Broadway musical “Fiorello!,” the song “Gentleman Jimmy,” was focused to New York City’s Midnight Mayor — Jimmy Walker.